GOP Makes Midterm Congressional Gains

Twenty-six elections to the U.S. House of Representatives were held in New York on Election Day 2022. City & State New York pointed out that this year, New York became “a battleground for the House [of Representatives] after redistricting and a handful of electoral reshuffling left a large number of seats up for grabs.” As of November 9, 2022, the outcome of the national battle for control of the House remains unknown; however, winners have been determined in 25 of New York’s 26 congressional races.

Currently, New York’s congressional delegation consists of 27 members—19 Democrats and eight Republicans. New York lost a seat in the House following the 2020 U.S. Census; beginning in 2023, the Empire State will have only 26 seats in the House. Democratic candidates prevailed in 15 New York congressional elections on Election Day, while Republicans won 10.[1] As of November 9, 2022, the election in New York’s newly-redrawn 22nd congressional district remains too close to call, with Republican Brandon Williams leading Democrat Francis Conole by a narrow margin.

Overall, New York voters were favorably disposed toward incumbent members of Congress this year. Nineteen congressional incumbents—15 Democrats and four Republicans—sought re-election in New York, and 18 prevailed. In the seven elections that did not feature an incumbent, Republicans won five, Democrats won only one, and one (in NY-22) remains outstanding. Non-incumbents who prevailed on Election Day include Democrat Dan Goldman (D-NY10) and Republicans Nick LaLota (R-NY1), George Santos (R-NY3), Anthony D’Esposito (R-NY4), Mike Lawler (R-NY17), Marc Molinaro (R-NY19), and Nick Langworthy (R-NY23).

Without question, the biggest news coming out of New York’s congressional elections is the defeat of Rep. Sean Patrick Maloney (D-Cold Spring) by Republican Asm. Mike Lawler (R-Pearl River) in New York’s 17th congressional district. Rep. Maloney is a five-term incumbent who chairs the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee. Despite the advantages of incumbency, name recognition, and national connections, Rep. Maloney was plagued by controversies this year. After running a campaign that focused heavily on inflation and public safety, Asm. Lawler narrowly prevailed. TheHill.com reported that Asm. Lawler’s victory “marks the first general election defeat for a campaign chair of either party since 1980,” calling Rep. Maloney’s loss “a major blow to the party and a stunning defeat for the man charged with propelling other House Democrats to victory.” Politico.com described Rep. Maloney’s ouster as “a humiliating loss for Democrats.”

As the Associated Press noted, Republicans did well in the New York City suburbs in 2022. The Party picked up two seats on Long Island and two more in the Hudson Valley.


[1] While the Associated Press has not yet declared a winner in New York’s 18th congressional district, Republican Asm. Colin Schmitt has conceded the race to Democratic Rep. Pat Ryan.